HOLISTIC EDUCATION: A NEW PARADIGM FOR TEACHING    

                        CONTENTS: TOPICS AND TITLES OF TEXTS          

         ABSTRACT 

       INTRODUCTION: A NEW PARADIGM FOR TEACHING

   1.  ROLE OF CULTURE

   2. TRADITIONAL TEACHING PARADIGM AND  BEHAVIOURISM

   3.  EDUCATIONAL CRISIS AND PROBLEM OF MOTIVATION

   4.  PARADIGM SHIFT AND THE SYSTEMS APPROACH

   5.  THE HUMAN ORGANISM AND HUMAN NATURE

   6.  SCIENCE OF ETHICS: HUMAN VALUES

   7.  NEUROSCIENCES AND THE BIOLOGY OF LEARNING

   8. HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY AND LEARNING THEORY  

   9.  HOLISTIC PARADIGM FOR TEACHING

  10. FREEDOM IN EDUCATION

   

 

 1.                                  ROLE OF CULTURE 

1.  EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF CULTURE: 'CULTURAL CONTEXT' (cultural context)) 

2.  EDUCATIONAL POLICY: A REFLECTION OF THE CULTURAL 'REALITY'   (policy)

3.  LAISSEZ-FAIRE ECONOMICS AND ECONOMIC MAN: ADAM SMITH   (smith)

4.  A DICHOTOMOUS VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE : THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION (constitution)

5.  CAPITALISM AND MARKETING CHARACTER ORIENTATION  (marketing character)         

6.  SUCCESS ORIENTED CULTURE OF CAPITALISM AS 'COMMMERCIALISM' AND             'CONSUMERISM': ARRESTED DEVELOPMENT OR 'IMMATURITY'  ( immaturity)  

7.  TRADITIONAL CONCEPT OF MORALITY: ‘MORALISM’ (moralism)        

8.  TRADITIONAL VALUE EDUCATION AS TEACHING OF CODES OF BEHAVIOUR OR  'ETHICS' (moral education traditional paradigm

10.  ADJUSTMENT TO CAPITALISM: AUTHORITARIAN ETHICS  (authoritarian ethics)

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2.                 TRADITIONAL TEACHING PARADIGM: BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE

                                                       OR  'BEHAVIOURISM '

1. EDUCATIONAL THEORY IN THE PARADIGM OF BEHAVIOURISM: 'BEHAVIOURAL PARADIGM'       (behavioralparadigm)

2. ORTHODOX SCIENCE OR 'SCIENTISM'       (scientism)

3. EDUCATIONAL METHODOLOGY: EFFECT OF REDUCTIONIST SCIENCE OR 'REDUCTIONISM'  (reductionism)

4. TRADITIONAL PARADIGM AND THE DELIVERY MODEL FOR TEACHING: LEARNING AS 'SCHOOLING'

   (schooling) 

5. TRADITIONAL SCHOOLING AS MECHANISM OF SOCIAL CONTROL OR 'SOCIALIZATION':THE 'HIDDEN CURRICULUM' (hidden curriculum)

6. EDUCATION AS MANIPULATION: STUDENT/TEACHER CONTRADICTION AND 'BANKING EDUCATION'     (banking education)

7. LEARNING THEORY IN THE PARADIGM OF 'BEHAVIOURISM': CONDITIONED LEARNING OR 'CONDITIONING'  (conditioning)

8.  JUSTIFICATION FOR TRADITIONAL TEACHING METHODS BY THE PRINCIPLES OF BEHAVIOURAL PSYCHOLOGY OR 'BEHAVIOURISM'      (behaviourism) 

9. FOUNDER OF BEHAVIOURISM: JOHN WATSON     (watson)  

10. BRAIN-ANTAGONISTIC TEACHING: MEMORIZATION OR  'ROTE LEARNING' (rote)

11. TRADITIONAL TEACHING PARADIGM: EVALUATION AND 'GRADES' (grade)

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   3.             EDUCATIONAL CRISIS AND PROBLEM OF MOTIVATION  

1.  PROBLEM OF MOTIVATION TO WORK: MOTIVATION FOR EXTRINSIC GOALS OR 'EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION'  (extrinsic)

2.  EDUCATIONAL CRISIS: PROBLEM OF MOTIVATION IN SCHOOLS (problem of motivation)                                        

 3.  QUESTION OF THE INAPPROPRIACY OF THE TRADITIONAL PARADIGM IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE (questioned)

4.   FUNDAMENTAL SHIFT FROM 'REDUCTIONISM' TO 'HOLISTIC SCIENCE': IMPLICATIONS FOR   TEACHING (shift)

           

    4.           PARADIGM SHIFT AND SYSTEMS APPROACH TO EDUCATION

 1. CONCEPTUAL OR THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: WORLDVIEW OR 'PARADIGM'  (paradigm)

 2. SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION: MECHANICAL UNIVERSE OF DESCARTES (1596-1650) (descartes)

3.  NEWTON: THE MECHANICAL UNIVERSE   (newton)

 4. QUANTUM MECHANICS: MAX PLANCK (planck)

 5. QUANTUM MECHANICS (quantum)

 6. QUANTUM MECHANICS: HEISENBERG  (heisenberg)

 7. NIELS BOHR: THE PLANETARY MODEL OF THE ATOM (bohr)

 8. PLANET EARTH AS A NATURAL SYSTEM  (earth)

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   5.         THE HUMAN ORGANISM AND HUMAN NATURE

WORK AS A HUMAN PHENOMENON: PSYCHOLOGICAL VALUE OF WORK

 1.  A BIOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE OF THE NATURE OF THE HUMAN PERSONALITY OR 'HUMAN    NATURE'  (human nature)

 2. HUMAN STRIVING FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL WHOLENESS OR 'HEALTH': MATURITY OR 'SELF-ACTUALISATION'    (self-actualisation)

3a. BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE MECHANISM FOR PERSONALITY INTEGRATION: THE CONSCIENCE OR 'SOUL' (conscience)

 3b. DEVELOPMENT OF MORAL CONSCIOUSNESS OR 'CONSCIENCE' (consciencedevelop)

10.INNATE MOTIVES FOR HUMAN BEHAVIOUR: 'HUMAN NEEDS (human needs)

9. MOTIVATION BY THE SPIRITUAL NEEDS OR 'METANEEDS': 'METAMOTIVATION'                (metamotivation)

   HUMAN MOTIVES FOR SPIRITUAL GROWTH OF THE HUMAN ORGANISM AS A SOCIAL ORGANISM: SPIRITUAL NEEDS OR 'METANEEDS' (metaneeds)

5.  HUMAN ADAPTABILITY: THE ROLE OF UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATION

       OR  'INTRINSIC MOTIVATION' (intrinsic)

6.  BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATION:ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOUR IS CREATIVE BEHAVIOUR  LEARNING FOR creativity OR ADAPTABILITY (adaptability)

7. HUMAN ORGANISM AND THE ORGANISMIC LEARNING PROCESS: 'OPERATIVE VALUES' (operative)

8. LANGUAGE AND CONVENTIONAL MEANINGS (language)

9.  SYMBOLIC (dualistic) and INTIMATE (holistic) MODES OF KNOWING OR 'KNOWLEDGE'(knowledge)

10. KNOWLEDGE OF REALITY OR 'TRUTH': A FUNCTION OF WHOLISTIC  PERCEPTION AND COMPLETE COGNITION  (truth)

11.  LOVE AS  'UNCONDITIONAL LOVE': 'PRODUCTIVE LOVE' OR  'UNIVERSAL LOVE' (universallove)

HUMAN NATURE: DATA FROM PSYCHOANALYSIS

 

6.                       SCIENCE OF ETHICS: HUMAN VALUES ('EVOLUTION OF ETHICS')

1. THE SEARCH FOR VALUES AND THE 'PROBLEM OF ETHICS' (problem of ethics)

2. BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF ETHICS: EVOLUTION OF ETHICS                  (evolution of ethics)

3. SCIENCE OF ETHICS: ETHICS OF DEVELOPED CONSCIENCE NATURAL ETHICS OR 'RATIONAL ETHICS' (rationalethics)  

4. SCIENCE OF ETHICS: BIOLOGY OF ETHICS OR 'NATURAL ETHICS' (natural ethics)

6. BIOLOGY OF ETHICS: BIOLOGICAL FUNCTION OF VIRTUE (virtue)

11. DEVELOPMENT OF MORAL RATIONALITY  OR 'MORALITY':  SYSTEM OF DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES' MORAL DEVELOPMENT' (moral development)

12. COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT: STAGES OF ETHICAL REASONING OR 'SOCIOCOGNITIVE STAGES' (sociocognitive stages)

 13. SOCIO-COGNITIVE THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT

14.   FUNCTION OF CONSCIENCE: BIOLOGICAL PROTECTIVE MECHANISM FOR  PERSONALITY INTEGRATION (conscience)

15.  IRRATIONAL CONSCIENCE DERIVED FROM FEAR OF AUTHORITY:                             'AUTHORITARIAN CONSCIENCE' (authoritarianconscience)

 16. HUMAN VALUES AS DISTINCT FROM VALUE JUDGEMENTS (human values)

17. BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF  MORAL INTELLIGENCE OR MORALITY AS 'FREE MORALITY' (morality)  MORAL CONSCIOUSNESS OR 'CONSCIENCE': MORALITY AS 'FREE MORALITY' (freedom of conscience)

18. MORALITY AS MORAL RATIONALITY OR 'MORAL INTELLIGENCE' or 'SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE' (social intelligence)                                       

  MORAL PHILOSOPHY BASED ON KNOWLEDGE OF HUMAN NATURE: 'HUMANISTIC ETHICS' (humanisticethics)

 

ETHICS IN AMERICAN CULTURE AS CODES OF BEHAVIOUR: 'MORAL EDUCATION'

ETHICS IN AMERICAN CULTURE: ADJUSTMENT TO CAPITALISM AND AUTHORITARIAN ETHICS (authoritarian ethics)

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  7.        NEUROSCIENCES AND THE BIOLOGY OF LEARNING  

 1.   FINDINGS FROM BRAIN RESEARCH OR 'NEUROSCIENCE': IMPLICATIONS FOR LEARNING THEORY   (neuroscience)

2.  FOUNDER OF NEUROSCIENCE: SANTIAGO RAMON Y CAJAL (cajal)

3. THE BRAIN AS MEANING MAKER OR 'ORGAN OF LEARNING' (brain)

 4. THE THREE-LAYERED OR 'TRIUNE' BRAIN  (triune)

 5. BRAIN EVOLUTION: INCREASE IN BRAIN SIZE OCCURRED AFTER UPRIGHT POSTURE OR 'BIPEDALISM'                   (brain evolution)

6. BIOLOGY OF THE WHOLISTIC FUNCTIONING OF THE BRAIN: CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES  (hemispheres)

 7.  BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF INTRINSIC MOTIVATION: PREFRONTAL LOBES (prefrontal)

 8. PSYCHOBIOLOGY: THE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF LEARNING (psychobiology)

 9. ARCHITECTURE OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM: THE NERVE CELL OR 'NEURON'  (neuron)

 10. BIO LOGY OF LEARNING: THE NERVE IMPULSE (nerve impulse)

 11. BIOLOGY OF LEARNING: THE SYNAPSE AND THE TRANSMISSION OF

    NERVE IMPULSES VIA NEUROTRANSMITTERS (synapse)

 12.  LEARNING AS A FUNCTION OF SYNAPSE MODIFICATION OR 'NEUROLASTICITY' (neuroplasticity)

 13. BIOLOGY OF LEARNING:INTERACTION OR 'BINDING' BETWEEN NEUROTRANSMITTER MOECULES AND PROTEIN RECEPTOR SITES  (binding)

 14. THE PROBLEM OF CONTINUITY OF INFORMATION IN THE BRAIN: INFORMATION FLOW'      (information flow)

 15.  HOLISTIC OR COGNITIVE PARADIGM: STRUCTURAL BASIS OF THE 'PROCESS OF REMEMBERING' OR 'MEMORY'  (memory)

16. SEARCH FOR THE ENGRAM: PSYCHOLOGIST DONALD HEBB (hebb)

        

 8.                         HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY AND LEARNING THEORY

 1. THE STUDY OF HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY: SEARCH FOR A NEW PARADIGM (study of psychology)

 2. PSYCHOLOGY AS A FUNCTION OF CULTURE (psychology of culture)

 3.  THWARTED GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: PSYCHOLOGICAL ILL HEALTH                                OF SPIRITUAL CRISIS OR 'PSYCHOSIS'  (psychosis)

4. THE PROBLEM OF HUMAN WICKEDNESS OR 'EVIL': IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION (evil)

5. FAILURE OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT: NEUROTIC GROWTH OR 'NEUROSIS' (neurosis)           NEUROSIS AS FAILURE IN MORAL DEVELOPMENT

6.  MOTIVATION BY EGO NEEDS FOR SELF-ESTEEM: 'DEFICIT MOTIVATION' (deficit motivation)

7.  LEARNING THEORY: FREUD AND THE DISCOVERY OF THE UNCONSCIOUS (freud)           

8. EASTERN PSYCHOLOGIES: THE CONSCIOUSNESS DISCIPLINES (consciousness disciplines)

9. TRANSPERSONAL PERSPECTIVE (transpersonal perspective)

 10. TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY: A PARADIGM SHIFT IN WESTERN PSYCHOLOGY                (transpersonal psychology)

11. TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY (transpersonal psychotherapy)   

  9.                         HOLISTIC PARADIGM FOR TEACHING

1.   DEFINITION OF SCIENCE: SCIENCE AS COMMON SENSE INQUIRY (definition of science)

2. SCIENCE OF INTERCONNECTEDNESS OR WHOLENESS: 'HOLISTIC SCIENCE' (holistic science)

3. SC ENTIFIC PEDAGOGY: GLOBAL OR 'HOLISTIC' PERCEPTION (holistic perception)

4. TEACHING TO THE BRAIN: (teach to  brain)

 5. THE SPATIAL MEMORY SYSTEM AND 'MAP LEARNING' (map learning)

6. HOLISTIC EDUCATION: BRAIN-BASED OPTIMAL LEARNING OR 'OPTIMALEARNING' (optimalearning)

7. HEALTH AS WHOLENESS:WHOLISTIC HEALTH AS WHOLE PERSON HEALTH OR 'WELLLNESS'  (wellness)

8.  HOLISTIC EDUCATION AS THE PRACTICE OF CRITICISM OR 'CRITICAL PRACTICE'  (critical practice)

HOLISTIC EDUCATION AS FREEDOM TO LEARN: TRUE FREEDOM AS 'INNER FREEDOM' (freedom) (FREE EXPRESSION AND FREE INQUIRY)

9. HOLISTIC EDUCATION:TEACHING WITH THEMES OR 'THEMATIC TEACHING' (thematic teaching)

10.   DESIGNING THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FOR GLOBAL LEARNING OR 'MAP LEARNING': THE HOLISTIC APPROACH TO 'LESSON PLANS' (lesson plans)

11.     HOLISTIC EDUCATION FOR RESPONSIBLE FREEDOM: TEACHER'S ROLE AS                    'FACILITATOR OF LEARNING' (facilitator)

 12. FACILITATION OF LEARNING: TEACHER ATTRIBUTES (attributes)

13. TEACHER EDUCATION OR 'TEACHER TRAINING': IMPORTANCE OF PERSONAL

         MATURITY AND SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE  (teacher  training)

14.    HOLISTIC EDUCATION AS EDUCATION FOR ADAPTABILITY OR 'SELF-EMPOWERMENT':            THE FUNCTION OF ERROR AND 'SELF-EVALUATION' (self -evaluation)

 15. TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION AS PROTECTION FROM MEDIA FALLOUT (media)

 16. VALUE EDUCATION IN THE HOLISTIC PARADIGM: EDUCATION FOR MORAL DEVELOPMENT OR 'MORAL EDUCATION' (moral education)

17. AUTHENTIC DIALOGUE AS INNER AND OUTER DISCOURSE: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION (dialogue)

  10          FREEDOM IN EDUCATION (EDUCATION FOR THE MIND as responsible education) based on respect for human needs as functional in the development of human conscience and human civilised society

 1. HOLISTIC EDUCATION AS EDUCATION FOR FREEDOM: 'INNER FREEDOM' RANSLATED INTO 'OUTER FREEDOM'  IS 'TRUE FREEDOM'   (freedom)

2.   RESOLUTION OF STUDENT-TEACHER CONTRADICTION: EDUCATION FOR HUMANISATION     (humanisation)

3. PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION: EDUCATION AS THE PRACTICE OF CRITICISM OR 'CRITICAL PRACTICE'  (critical practice)

4.  'RESPONSIBLE EDUCATION' FOR 'RESPONSIBLE FREEDOM': HOLISTIC EDUCATION AND THE PSYCHOLOGICAL VALUE OF 'WORK' (work)                       

5. VALUE EDUCATION IN THE HOLISTIC PARADIGM: EDUCATION FOR MORAL  DEVELOPMENT OR 'MORAL EDUCATION' (moraleducation)

6. EDUCATION FOR FREEDOM: LIBERTARIAN, LIBERATION, LIBERATING OR 'LIBRATORY' PEDAGOGY      (libratory pedagogy)

 7.  FEMINIST PEDAGOGY AS LIBRATORY PEDAGOGY (feminist pedagogy)

 8. ADULT EDUCATION AS EDUCATION FOR FREEDOM: LIBRATORY PEDAGOGY (adult education)  

9.  TRADITION OF CRITICAL RATIONALITY: SOCRATES  (Socrates)

10. PIONEER OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL SCIENCE: COMENIUS (1592-1670) (Comenius)

11. EIGHTEENTH CENTURY EDUCATION: CONDILLAC (Condillac)

12. OBSERVATIONS OF COGNITIVE STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT:PIAGET (Piaget)  

13. FOUNDER OF THE NEW EDUCATION MOVEMENT IN EUROPE: MONTESSORI (Montessori)

14.  PRINCIPLES OF MONTESSORI EDUCATION (principles)

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